Shipper / Consignor
An individual or firm that sends freight. A freight originator.
An individual or firm to whom freight is shipped. A freight receiver.
A firm that provides transportation services, typically owning and operating transportation equipment.
Examples include: trucking company, railroad, airline, steamship line, parcel/express company.
Freight Bill-of-Lading (Freight Bill, BL or BoL)
A document providing a binding contract between a shipper and a carrier for the transportation of freight, specifying the obligations of both parties. Serves as a receipt of freight by the carrier for the shipper. Usually designates the consignee, and the FOB point.
FOB (Free-on-Board) Point
Point at which ownership of freight changes hands from shipper to consignee. FOB origin indicates that consignee owns the goods in transit; FOB-destination indicates that shipper owns goods in transit. Owner of goods in transit is liable for loss and damage to freight, and thus should provide insurance.
Freight FOB Terms-of-Sale
Indicates (1) Who arranges for transport and carrier, (2) Who pays for transport, (3) Where/when does title (ownership) of goods transfer from seller to buyer (FOB point). Freight charges: collect, prepaid, prepaid and charged back. Collect: Buyer pays the freight charges. Prepaid: seller pays. Prepaid and charged back: seller prepays (bears), bills buyer for the charges.
1. FOB-origin, freight collect: consignee pays freight charges and owns goods in transit.
2. FOB-destination, freight prepaid: shipper pays freight charges and owns goods in transit.
3. FOB-destination, freight prepaid and charged back: shipper owns goods in transit, pays for freight but bills consignee for the charges.
Loss and Damage
Loss or damage of freight shipments while in transit or in a carrier-operated warehouse. Terms for the handling of claims are usually stipulated in the freight bill. Shippers/consignees usually take out insurance against L&D with premiums a function of the value of goods shipped, and the likelihood of L&D.
Owned and operated by a shipper. Usually refers to private trucking fleets. Components include: vehicle fleet, drivers, maintenance equipment. Often more expensive than contracting out, but not always. Can serve special needs: fast, high-ontime-reliability delivery; special equipment; special handling; availability.
Examples: Safeway (grocery), Office Depot (office products).
A for-hire carrier providing transportation services to the general public. Obligations: to serve, to deliver, to charge reasonable rates, to avoid discrimination. Previously regulated in the United States; most are now deregulated.
Examples: Parcel/express carriers (DHL, FedEx, UPS), LTL trucking (Yellow, Consolidated Freightways, Roadway), TL trucking (Hunt, Schneider), Rail carrier (Norfolk Southern), Air carriers (Delta, Flying Tigers), Ocean carrier (SeaLand, American President Lines (APL) ).
An agency that receives freight from a shipper and then arranges for transportation with one or more carriers for transport to the consignee. Often used for international shipping. Will usually consolidate freight from many shippers to obtain low, large volume transportation rates from carriers (through a contract ). Often owns some pickup and delivery equipment; uses to transport freight to/from consolidation facilities. Also provide other shipping services: packaging, temporary freight storage, customs clearing.
An agency that obtains negotiated large-volume transportation rates from carriers, and resells this capacity to shippers. Unlike freight forwarders, will not handle freight and owns no pickup/delivery equipment or storage facilities.
Non Vessel-Operating Common Carrier. Owns no vessels (ships), but provides ocean shipping freight-forwarding services. Provides consolidated, negotiated-rate services for ocean and inland water carriers. Often will affiliate with freight forwarders to provide pickup/delivery, other services.
Not-for-profit association of shippers using collective bargaining and freight consolidation to obtain lower, high-volume transportation rates; similar to freight forwarding w/o profit motive. Avoids premium charges paid to forwarders. Only non-competitive shippers may associate, due to monopoly restrictions.
Companies that provide door-to-door domestic and international air freight service. Own and operate aircraft, as well as ground delivery fleets of trucks. In contrast, freight-hauling airlines (e.g., Delta, Lufthansa) typically do not provide door-to-door service. Example: UPS, FedEx, BAX Global, Emery Worldwide.
A third-party, or contract, logistics company. A firm to which logistics services are outsourced. Typically handles many of the following tasks: purchasing, inventory management/warehousing, transportation management, order management.
Example: Schneider Logistics, Ryder Logistics, UPS Logistics.
Shipment moving from origin to destination via two or more carriers. Occurs frequently in rail transportation: for example, each rail container moving from Atlanta to Los Angeles is moved interline, using for example CSX and Union Pacific with an interline junction in New Orleans.
Transportation service arrangement in which freight is moved from origin (shipper) through to ultimate destination (consignee) for a given rate. Trucking companies typically offer door-to-door service. Railroads do not, unless the shipper and consignee both have rail sidings. Brokers, forwarders, NVOCCs etc. often package together door-to-door service through contracts with multiple carriers.
Bringing together many small shipments, often from different shippers, into large shipment quantities, in order to take advantage of economies of scale in transportation costs. In-vehicle consolidation is when a vehicle makes pickups from many customers and consolidates freight inside the vehicle. Out-of-vehicle consolidation occurs at a terminal facility; shipments to a single customer/region are consolidated before shipment.
Transportation facility with one or more of the following roles:
1. System access: terminals are points at which freight enters and leaves the transportation system.
2. Freight consolidation/distribution
3. Mode transfer: freight may change from one mode to another, for example, rail to truck.
4. Vehicle transfer: within a single mode, freight may transfer from one vehicle to another.
5. Storage and warehousing
6. Fleet maintenance
A transportation system design in which large hub terminals are used for freight consolidation. Medium-volume services serve the spoke-to-hub collection and hub-to-spoke distribution tasks. Large-volume services are operated in the hub-top-hub markets. In most systems, all outbound/inbound freight for a spoke uses the same hub, and thus larger shipment sizes are realized. Many transportation systems oriented in this way.
Examples: Delta airlines, FedEx, LTL, and now ocean shipping. Not TL, however.
Transportation terminal in which received items transferred directly from inbound to the outbound shipping dock, with storage only occurring temporarily during unloading and loading. No long-term storage is provided. Usually used only for vehicle transfers. Often owned and operated by large shippers.
Examples: Home Depot, food service companies, hub passenger airports.
TL / FTL (Truckload, Full Truckload)
A trucking industry term; a truckload shipment is when the shipper contracts an entire truck for direct point-to-point service. Truckload shipments are priced per mile within designated lanes, regardless of the size of the shipment provided it fits (weight, cube) within the vehicle. Less expensive per unit weight shipped than LTL. A truckload carrier is a trucking company specializing in point-to-point truckload shipments.
Examples include: J.B. Hunt, Schneider.
A trucking industry term; a less-than-truckload (LTL) shipment is when a shipper contracts for the transportation of freight that will not require an entire truck. LTL shipments are priced according to the weight of the freight, its commodity class (which generally determines its cube/weight ratio), and mileage within designated lanes. An LTL carrier specializes in LTL shipments, and therefore typically operates a complex hub-and-spoke network with consolidation/deconsolidation points; LTL carriers carry multiple shipments for different customers in single trucks.
Examples include: Yellow Freight, Consolidated Freightways, Roadway Express.
Freight is most often measured by its weight, and transportation vehicles of varying sizes typically have weight capacities that cannot be exceeded due to engineering or regulatory reasons. Freight may also be measured by cube, which generally refers to the volume of the freight. A vehicle is said to cube-out if it does not exceed its weight capacity, but its volume is completely full.
FCL (Full Container-Load)
An ocean-shipping and intermodal industry term; a full container-load shipment is when a shipper contracts for the transportation of an entire container. The vast majority of intermodal and ocean freight is contracted in this manner. Historically, FCL also stands for full carload which is the primary business of all modern railroads, and is the railroad equivalent of TL trucking.
An ocean-shipping and intermodal industry term; LTL equivalent in container shipping. Container freight stations at ports serve as consolidation and deconsolidation terminals. Historically, LCL also stands for less-than-carload. Before the prominence of interstate trucking, railroads offered less-than-carload (LCL) service but this business has largely disappeared.
A portion of a transportation trip in which no freight is conveyed; an empty move. Transportation equipment is often dead-headed because of imbalances in supply and demand. For example, many more containers are shipped from Asia to North America than in reverse; empty containers are therefore dead-headed back to Asia.
A freight movement in a direction (or lane) of secondary importance or light demand. Backhauls are preferable to deadheads by transportation companies, since revenue is generated. In order to entice shippers to move goods in backhaul markets, carriers may offer lower rates.
Transportation that uses a specialized container that can be transferred from the vehicle of one mode to the vehicle of another; a single freight bill is used for the shipment.
Example: Ocean shipping containers which can be hauled by trucks on chassis, railcars, ocean vessels, and barges. Also: UPS line-haul vans (these vans can be stacked onto railcars for long distance moves).
Containers, Chassis, and Vans (Trailers)
Standard trucking companies use vans (or trailers) to move standard dry goods. These trailers consist of a storage box that is permanently attached to a set of wheels (the set of wheels is often known as a truck). Intermodal ocean containers are moved on the road by attaching them to a separate piece of equipment, a chassis, which is essentially a set of wheels on a lightweight frame.
A single, rigid, sealed, reusable metal box in which merchandise is shipped by vessel, truck, or rail. Container types include standard, high cube, hardtop, open top, flat, platform, ventilated, insulated, refrigerated, or bulk. Usually 8 ft x 8 ft in width and height, 20 to 55 ft long. Specialized containers also exist for air transportation modes, but are much smaller and cannot be directly transferred to truck or rail.
A refrigerated container. For long storage in transit (or in ports) must be plugged into a ship’s power system (or port’s). Temporary power units can be attached that last for 18-36 hours.
Container-On-Flatcar. A term used in intermodal transportation in which containers are stacked onto rail flatcars for rail transportation. No truck chassis is used, and doublestack cars are possible, thus more containers can be carried by a shorter, lighter train.
TOFC / Piggyback
Trailer-on-flatcar. A term used in intermodal transportation in which truck trailers or container/chassis combinations are placed directly onto rail flatcars for the rail portion of the trip. TOFC trains are generally heavier and longer per unit ton shipped, but have the advantage that unloaded trailers can be moved out of the intermodal terminal without worrying about finding a chassis; thus, the equipment management issues are simpler.
Local trucking, typically describing truck movement of containers and trailers to and from rail intermodal yards and to and from port facilities.
Pickup and Delivery (Cartage)
Local hauling of freight. Often the trucking service used for transferring freight from the shipper to a terminal, or from a terminal to a consignee.
Switching is a railroad term denoting the local movement of freight rail cars. Rail cars are switched from the private siding of a shipper to the terminal, or switched from the terminal to the private siding of the consignee. (Note: a siding is a section of rail line that runs from a railroad’s line into an industrial facility. If an industry using rail shipping does not have a siding, they will likely use (1) intermodal containers, or (2) use a cartage service to transfer goods to/from a rail terminal.)
Sometimes, linehaul. Terminal-to-terminal freight movements in transportation. Such long distance moves are distinguished from local freight movements.
Penalty charges assessed by a carrier to a shipper or consignee for holding transportation equipment, i.e. trailers, containers, railcars, longer than a stipulated time for loading or unloading.
Diversion / Reconsignment
Diversion is a tactic used by shippers to change the destination (consignee) of freight while the goods are in transit. The shipper will notify the carrier prior to the arrival of freight at the destination of the new consignee, and the carrier will adjust the freight routing accordingly. Reconsignment is a similar concept, except that the shipper notifies the carrier of the new consignee after the freight arrives at the destination, but (obviously) before delivery/unpacking. Carriers impose extra charges for these services typically, but they provide flexibility to the shipper.
Transit Privileges / Stopoff Charges
Carriers may allow cargo to be stopped in transit from initial origin to final destination to be unloaded, stored, and/or processed before reloading and final shipment. Extra charges are imposed for these transit privileges. Stopoff charges are levied for when shippers request that a shipment may be partially loaded at several locations and/or partially unloaded at several locations en route.
A deliberate delay in committing inventory to shipment by a shipper. Usually, shippers utilize postponement in order to consolidate freight into larger shipments that have a lower unit transportation cost.
Cargo that is stowed loose on transportation vehicles, in a tank or hold without specific packaging, and handled by pump, scoop, conveyor, or shovel. Examples: grain, coal, petroleum, chemicals.
Cargo in-between bulk and containerized, that must be handled piece-by-piece by terminal workers (stevedores). Often stored in bags or boxes and stacked onto pallets. Smaller lift equipment (forklifts, small cranes) used than for containerized cargo, but more labor intensive.
Pallet / Skid
A small platform, 40×48 inches usually, on which goods are placed for handling within a warehouse or a transportation vehicle such as a ship. Good for grouping break-bulk cargo for handling.
Wood and packaging materials used to keep cargo in place inside a container or transportation vehicle.
Stock-keeping unit. A line-item of inventory, that is a different type or size of good.
Hundredweight / CWT
100 pounds. A common shipping weight unit.
Freight Weight Measures
Short ton (American) 2000 lbs. Long ton (English) 2240 lbs. Metric ton (1000 kg.) 2204.6 lbs.
The number of long tons that a vessel can transport of cargo, supplies and fuel. It is the difference between the number of tons of water a vessel displaces “light” (empty) and the number of tons it displaces when submerged to the “load line”.
Twenty-foot equivalent unit. Method of measuring vessel load or capacity, in units of containers that are twenty feet long. A 40’ long container measures 2 TEUs.
Example: the maximum capacity for carrying 40’ containers for a 3000 TEU vessel is 1500 containers; it actually might be less. Why?
Forty-foot equivalent unit. Method of measuring vessel load or capacity, in units of forty-foot long containers.
A place for a container onboard a container ship; typically, one TEU fits in a slot.
Liners are vessels sailing between specified ports on a regular schedule; schedule is published and available to the public. Most large container shipping companies operate liner services.
An ocean carrier company operating vessels not on regular runs or schedules. They call at any port where cargo may be available. Sometimes used for bulk cargo shipping.
Cartel of vessel operators operating between specific trade areas. Set cargo rates for liners between ports.
Group of airlines or ocean carriers who coordinate and cross list schedules, and sell capacity on each other’s flights/voyages.
Container Leasing / Railcar Leasing
Some companies specialize in the business of owning transportation equipment (containers or railcars), and renting them out to shippers or carriers. These companies often face significant equipment management problems.
“Lift-on, lift-off” Conventional container or cargo ships, in which quay cranes are used to load and unload containers or generalized cargo.
“Roll On/Roll Off” A method of ocean cargo service using a vessel with ramps which allows wheeled vehicles to be loaded and discharged without cranes.
Container yard jargon for a forklift truck used for heavy lifting of containers.
Mobile truck equipment with the capacity for lifting a container within its own framework, and transporting containers around yards. Containers stacked in rows one across.
Pros: Versatility, mobility, cost, labor.
Cons: Maintenance, damage.
Transtainer / RTG
Rail or rubber-tired gantry crane. Large yard (ship or rail) container crane. Lifts from a stack of containers 5,6,7 wide, and deposits onto truck chassis or rail flatcar.
Pros: Land utilization, maintenance.
Quay crane/portainer crane
A quay is the dock. The portainer cranes are the large cranes used to lift containers from truck chassis (or rail flatcar, or from the quay) and load onto a ship.
This type of container is for general cargo. General cargo should not be over-length, over-width, over-height, over-weight, or in bulk. Containers are constructed of steel for sturdiness and ease of repair. 45ft containers are not generally available in all the trades that Gia Nguyen Logistics operates.
For further information, please contact your local Gia Nguyen Logistics office.
|DRY CONTAINER - 20 FEET||Specifications for 8'6" / 24,000kg||Specifications for 8'6" / 30,480kg|
|Inside Measurement||Length (mm)
|Door Opening||Width (mm)
|Max. Load Weight||(kg)||21,620-21,800||28,100-28,310|
|DRY CONTAINER - 40 FEET||Specifications for 8'6" / 30,480kg||Specifications for 8'6" / 32,500kg|
|Inside Measurement||Length (mm)
|Door Opening||Width (mm)
|Max. Load Weight||(kg)||26,580-26,890||28,710-28,840|
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
A platform of standard dimensions that is used for assembling goods which is secured by nets and straps prior to being loaded as a unit onto an airplane. Palletizing results in an efficient use of space and improved cargo handling.
A service that provides for the air transportation of goods. This mode of transportation allows for decreased shipping time, low damage ratios and for certain commodities, lower shipping costs.
Air Freight Forwarder
An Air Freight forwarder provides pickup and delivery service to and from the shippers dock. Responsibilities also include consolidating shipments from various shippers into larger units, preparing shipping documentation and tendering freight to the airlines. Forwarders do not generally operate their own aircraft and may be classified as an "indirect air carrier".
A document issued by a carrier to a shipper that supplies written evidence regarding the receipt of goods, the mode of transportation and the arrangement to deliver goods at the requested destination to the lawful holder of the bill of lading. A standard air waybill accommodates both domestic and international traffic.
An aircraft used for the sole purpose of transporting cargo only, rather than the combination of passengers and cargo. Freight is loaded in the bulk or container on the main or lower deck of the aircraft.
The broadest form of coverage available, providing protection against all risk of physical loss or damage from any external cause, such as fire collision, pilferage, etc. Does not cover loss or damage due to delay, acts of war, labor strikes, per-shipment conditions, inadequate packaging, or loss of market. All risk insurance of air shipments generally excludes loss due to cold or changes in atmospheric pressure.
Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA)
A bill passed November 2001, to improve aviation security in all modes of transportation.
Bill of Lading
A document issued by a carrier to a shipper, signed by the captain, agent, or owner of a vessel, furnishing written evidence regarding receipt of freight, the conditions on which transportation is made and the date to deliver goods at the prescribed port of destination to the lawful holder of the bill of lading.
The designated weight shown on an invoice and/or waybill used to calculate freight charges.
An airline terminal that is approved by the U.S. Treasury Department for storage of goods until Customs duties are paid or the goods have been released.
Unpacking or disassembling a portion or all contents of a consolidated shipment for reconsignment or delivery.
An individual or firm that acts as an agent for others, often between a buyer and a seller, in return for a fee or commission.
Cargo stowed loosely in the hold of a ship and is not enclosed in a shipper container or box. Examples include oil, ore, grain or coal.
The goods or merchandise transported by airplane, ship or vehicle.
A list of cargo being transported or warehoused, without listing the applicable charges.
Any individual or firm who, through a contract of carriage, undertakes to perform or procure the performance of carriage by rail, road, sea, air, inland waterway, or by a combination of modes.
A ground transportation service that provides pickup and delivery of freight in locations not served directly by an air or ocean carrier.
Certificate of Origin
A document containing an affidavit to prove the origin of imported goods. It is often required by the custom as part of the entry process. Certificates of origin are commonly certified by an official organization in the country of origin such as a consular office or a chamber of commerce.
The weight or volume of a shipment used in determining air, vehicle or ocean charges. The chargeable weight could be the dimensional weight or on container shipments, the gross weight of the shipment minus the containers tare weight.
Arrangement of a temporary transportation service on an as needed occasion for the movement of cargo or passengers.
A systematic categorization of cargo for the purpose of applying class rates, combined with governing rules and regulations for transportation. In customs, the classification determines the duty status of imported merchandise within the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States(HSUS). The classification is the responsibility of an importer customs broker or designated individual preparing the entry papers.
The completion of customs entry requirements resulting in the release of goods from customs authority to the importer.
A required document identifying the transaction between a seller and buyer. The form should have the invoice number, date, shipping date, the mode of transport, delivery and payment terms, description of goods and the quantity. The government uses the commercial invoice to determine the true value of goods for assessing custom duties and prepare documentation.
Custom requires a commercial invoice that includes the following information. (1) The port of entry. (2) Name of shipper and receiver. (3) Description of items. (4) Quantity in weight and measures. (5) Country of origin. The invoice and any attachments must be in the English language.
The person or company named on the freight contract to whom goods have been consigned or turned over.
A number of separate shipments that are assembled into one shipment for movement on one waybill from one location to another. Consolidation of cargo can result in reduced shipping rates.
A reusable, rigid exterior shipping box that is used to ship goods by ship, truck or rail. Air Freight containers ULD or unit lead devices) are available in a variety of shapes and sizes.
Container Yard (CY)
A facility for holding FCL (full container load) and empty containers that are received from or delivered to consignors or consignees by or on behalf of a carrier. It also provides a location to receive merchandise from consignors for packing into containers.
The unit of volume measurement that is equaled to 1,728 cubic inches.
The designated government authority that regulates the flow of goods to/from a country and collects duties levied by a country on imports and exports.
The procedures involved in getting cargo released by Customs through designated formalities such as presenting import license/permit, payment of import duties and other required documentations by the nature of the cargo such as FCC or FDA approval.
A tax levied and government collection by custom officials of duties that is imposed by law on imports.
Articles or substances capable of posing a significant risk to health, safety, or property when transported by air and that require special attention when being transported.
Deferred Air Freight
Air Freight shipments that are not time sensitive and can be delivered at a lower cost on later flights. Delivery service is as a rule, between three to five business days.
A penalty for exceeding free time allowed for loading or unloading at a pier or freight terminal.
The weight per cubic foot that is determined by multiplying the length, width and height of a container and dividing the total by 1728.
A calculated weight based on a minimum density requirement. Density is the weight per cubic foot of a shipment of cargo. It is computed by dividing the shipment volume by the minimum density requirement. The dimensional weight rule was developed to insure fair compensation to low density shipments under which the transportation charges are based on a cubic dimensional weight rather than upon actual weight.
Product that is not consumed through use, such as automobiles, furniture, computers and machinery.
A tax levied by a government on merchandise imported, exported from another country. Duties are based on the value of goods, while other factors include weight on quantity or combination of value and other factors (compound duties).
A documentation of the kinds, quantities and values of goods imported together with duties due and declared before a customs officer. It is required to secure the release from customs custody.
Acronym for Estimated Time of Arrival of a carrier.
To transport goods away from a country for sale to another country.
Refers to Freight All Kinds. Consolidated cargo that is shipped at one rate. FAK cargo is usually shipped in a container filled with a variety of merchandise or commodities.
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
Federal Aviation Agency was created in 1958 and appointed with the responsibility of making known of the operational standards and procedures for all classes of aviation in the United States. The FAA monitors any/all dangerous goods (HAZMAT) for air cargo transportation.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
A federal agency responsible with regulating interstate and international communications by television, radio, telephone, telegraph, as well as broadcasting standards and cable television operations. Customs clearance may rely on FCC approval regarding the nature of the cargo.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
The United States agency responsible for regulation of biotechnology food products. Customs clearance may rely on FCC approval regarding the nature of the cargo.
Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ)
Special restricted-access commercial and industrial areas in or near ports of entry that are designated by the government for duty-free entry of any non-prohibited goods. Foreign and domestic merchandise, including raw materials, components, and finished goods may be stored, displayed, and used for manufacturing within the zone and re-exported without duties being paid. Duties are imposed only when the original goods or items manufactured from those goods pass from the zone into an area of the country subject to customs authority.
An independent business that dispatches shipments for exporters for a fee. Transportation can include shipping by land, air, or sea, or other resources. Usually it handles all the services connected with an export shipment, including full preparation of documents arranging for shipping, warehousing, delivery and export clearance.
Full Container Load (FCL)
A delivery of cargo that fills a given container either by bulk or maximum weight.
Full Truck Load (FTL)
A shipment of cargo that fills a given tractor trailer either by bulk or maximum weight.
Merchandise, supplies, raw materials, commodities and finished product. All things are treated as moveable and indicated as sold to a particular buyer.
The full weight of a shipment, including containers and packaging materials.
Harmonize Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTS or HTSUS)
An organized listing of goods and their duty rates which is used as the basis for classifying imported products and identifying the rates of duty to be charged. The tariff schedule is divided into a variety of sections and chapters dealing independently with merchandise in wide-ranging product categories. The U.S. International Trade Commission is responsible for publishing the information.
A container designed to the dimensions of the full main deck width of carrying aircraft.
The individual firm or legal entity that brings goods from a foreign source into a customs territory during the course of trade.
To bring in commodities from a foreign country that have been processed or assembled in other countries.
A customs program for inland ports that provides for cargo arriving at a seaport to be shipped under a customs bond to a more conveniently located inland port where the entry documents have been filed. Customs clears the shipment there and the cargo is trucked to its destination, which normally is close to the inland port.
Indirect Air Carrier (IAC)
An organization or entity, within the United States, not in possession of an FAA air carrier operating certificate, that initiates to engage indirectly in air transportation of property and uses for any part of such transportation of services to a passenger air carrier.
Sites located away from traditional borders where international trade is processed and value-added services are available.
The movement of a single shipment via two or more carriers.
International Air Transport Association (IATA)
A trade organization of airlines that works together offers the highest possible standards to passengers and cargo shippers.
Less Than Container Load (LCL)
Freight is combined with other freight from other shippers. A container can be loaded with LCL cargo at a container freight station for LCL delivery.
Less Than Truckload (LTL)
Freight from several shippers loaded onto an individual trailer. The shipment is based upon a separate rate than truckload rate. LTL is in contrast to TL, which is only one shipment from one shipper that is loaded on a tractor-trailer.
Compartments on the lower, or lowest cargo holding area of an aircraft. This is located below where the passengers sit.
Master Air Waybill (MAWB)
The air waybill of lading that provides data on a consolidated shipment of goods. The consolidator is shown as the shipper.
The total weight of a shipment less the weight of pallets, containers or straps.
Non-vessel Operating Common Carrier (NVOCC)
A carrier who issues bills of lading for carriage of goods on vessels that are not owned or operated by them.
Expedited service on a transaction where service is required on the next business day. Delivery service is as a rule, delivery on the next business day.
A document prepared by the shipper that lists the kinds and quantities of merchandise in a particular shipment. A copy is generally sent to the consignee to aid in checking the shipment when received.
A portable platform for storing or transporting freight.
Proof Of Delivery (POD)
A receipt with the signature of the recipient.
A harbor where ships may anchor and unload or receive cargo.
Priority Air Freight
Reserved Air Freight or air express service where shipments have a priority after mail and small packages. The shipper pays a premium charge for this service.
A ship that is specifically designed to carry wheeled and tracked vehicles as all or most of its cargo. Some vessels can accommodate containers and cargo that is wheeled, tracked, self-propelled or towed vehicles and equipment. A series of external and internal ramps facilitate the loading and discharge of RO/RO cargo.
Second Day Air Freight
Air Freight shipments that are not overnight or time sensitive and can be delivered at a economic cost. Delivery service is as a rule, delivery on the second business days.
Except as otherwise provided, the transportation of goods from one location to another, by one shipper, on one bill of lading, from one delivery location, for one consignee to one delivery.
The company or person who tenders goods to a carrier for transportation.
Shipper's Letter of Instruction
A form used by the shipper authorizing a carrier to issue an air waybill or (BOL) bill of lading on the shipper's behalf. It contains all details of the shipment and authorizes the carrier to transport the cargo on behalf of the shipper specific instructions.
Holding a shipment in a carrier's warehouse, pending further transportation. Additional charges may be applicable.
The weight of packing and containers without the goods to be shipped.
A general term for any listing of rates or charges for the movement of goods.
Terminal Handling Charge (THC)
Fees charged by ocean containers to move containers between terminals and ships (onloading and unloading), inspecting at terminal facilities, paid by shippers (manufacturers, importers and exporters).
A journey from one location to another.
Transportation Security Administration (TSA)
On November 19, 2001 Congress enacted the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA) creating the Transportation Security Administration. The ATSA transferred all FAA rules governing civil aviation security, including IAC's to the TSA. The TSA deals with all modes of transportation: air, highway, rail, & sea.
The individual who is the one receiving goods for the designated end use. A customs broker cannot be listed as the ultimate consignee unless they own the merchandise or there is not U.S. buyer and the document shows the brokers premises as the location to which the merchandise is to be delivered.
Unit Load Device (ULD)
Any type of container or pallets used to consolidate packages of freight for mechanical handling.
The higher or highest deck on a ship or airplane.
Value-Added Tax (VAT)
A fee levied on all goods and services as goods and services go through the production chain, from the raw material to final consumption. The amount taxed is the amount of value a particular step in the production chain added to the value of the goods or service. Volume Rate - A freight rate assessed with a specific volume of freight based upon the presumption it will increase over a period of time.
APM Maersk Container Dimensions
|Maersk 20' Standard||590.6 cm||235.0 cm||239.3 cm||33.2 M3|
|232.5 in||92.5 in||93.9 in||1172 Cu Ft|
|Maersk 40' Standard||1203.2 cm||235.0 cm||239.3 cm||67.7 M3|
|473.8 in||92.5 in||94.1 in||2386 Cu Ft|
|Maersk 40' High Cube||1203.2 cm||235.0 cm||269.7 cm||76.3 M3|
|473.8 in||92.5 in||106.1 in||2693 Cu Ft|
|Maersk 45' High Cube||1355.6 cm||235.0 cm||269.7 cm||85.9 M3|
|533.7 in||92.5 in||106.1 in||3034 Cu Ft|
|MCS Container Dimensions||Length||Width||Height||Volume|
|MSC 20' Standard||590 cm||235 cm||239.3 cm||33.2 M3|
|232 in||92 in||94 in||1172 Cu Ft|
|MSC 40' Standard||1203.6 cm||235 cm||239.3 cm||67.7 M3|
|473 in||92 in||94 in||2391 Cu Ft|
|Evergreen Container Dimensions||Length||Width||Height||Volume|
|Evergreen 20' Standard||589.8 cm||235.2 cm||238.5 cm||33.1 M3|
|232.8 in||92 in||93 in||1169 Cu Ft|
|Evergreen 40' Standard||1203.2 cm||235.2 cm||238.5 cm||67.5 M3|
|473.7 in||92 in||93 in||2384 Cu Ft|
|Evergreen 40' High Cube||1203.2 cm||235.2 cm||269.0 cm||76.1 M3|
|473.7 in||92 in||105.9 in||2687 Cu Ft|
|Evergreen 45' High Cube||1355.6 cm||235.2 cm||269.0 cm||85.8 M3|
|533.7 in||92 in||105.9 in||3030 Cu Ft|
|Hapag-Lloyd Container Dimensions||Length||Width||Height||Volume|
|Hapag-Lloyd 20 ' Std.||590.0 cm||235.2 cm||239.2 cm||33.2 M3|
|232.1 in||92.6 in||94.3 in||1172 Cu Ft|
|Hapag-Lloyd 40 ' Std.||1202.9 cm||235.0 cm||239.2 cm||67.6 M3|
|473.5 in||92.6 in||94.3 in||2387 Cu Ft|
|Hapag-Lloyd 40 ' High Cube||1202.4 cm||235.0 cm||269.7 cm||76.2 M3|
|473.4 in||92.5 in||106.5 in||2691 Cu Ft|
|Hapag-Lloyd 45 ' High Cube||1353.2 cm||241.4 cm||269.4 cm||88.0 M3|
|532.7 in||92.6 in||106.3 in||3041 Cu Ft|
|COSCO Container Dimensions||Length||Width||Height||Volume|
|COSCO 20' Standard||589.8 cm||235.0 cm||239.0 cm||33.1 M3|
|232.2 in||92.5 in||94.1 in||1169 Cu Ft|
|COSCO 40' Standard||1203.5 cm||235.0 cm||239.3 cm||67.7 M3|
|473.8 in||92.5 in||94.2 in||2391 Cu Ft|
|COSCO 40' High Cube||1203.0 cm||235.0 cm||269.0 cm||76.0 M3|
|473.6 in||92.5 in||105.9 in||2684 Cu Ft|
|APL Container Dimensions||Length||Width||Height||Volume|
|APL 20' Standard||589.8 cm||235.2 cm||239.2 cm||33.2 M3|
|232.0 in||93.0 in||94.0 in||1172 Cu Ft|
|APL 40' Standard||1203.2 cm||235.2 cm||239.2 cm||67.7 M3|
|474.0 in||93.0 in||94.0 in||2391 Cu Ft|
|APL 40' High Cube||1203.3 cm||235.2 cm||269.8 cm||76.4 M3|
|474.0 in||93.0 in||106.0 in||2698 Cu Ft|
|APL 45' High Cube||1355.6 cm||235.2 cm||270.1 cm||86.1 M3|
|534.0 in||93.0 in||106 in||3041 Cu Ft|
|APL 48' High Cube||1447.0 cm||250.5 cm||272.6 cm||98.8 M3|
|(North America Only)||570.0 in||98.6 in||107.3 in||3489 Cu Ft|
|APL 53' High Cube||1599.4 cm||250.5 cm||271.0 cm||108.6 M3|
|(North America Only)||629.7 in||98.6 in||106.7 in||3835 Cu Ft|
|CSCL -China Shipping
|CSCL 20' Standard||589.8 cm||235.2 cm||239.3 cm||33.2 M3|
|232.8 in||92.6 in||94.2 in||1172 Cu Ft|
|CSCL 40' Standard||1203.2 cm||235.2 cm||239.3 cm||67.7 M3|
|473.7 in||92.6 in||94.2 in||2391 Cu Ft|
|CSCL 40' High Cube||1203.2 cm||235.2 cm||269.8 cm||76.4 M3|
|473.7 in||92.6 in||106.2 in||2698 Cu Ft|
|CSCL 45' High Cube||1355.6 cm||235.2 cm||269.8 cm||86.0 M3|
|533.7 in||92.6 in||106.2 in||3037 Cu Ft|
|NYK Container Dimensions||Length||Width||Height||Volume|
|NYK 20' Standard||588.2 cm||234.6 cm||237.6 cm||32.8 M3|
|(min dims)||231.6 in||92.4 in||93.4 in||1158 Cu Ft|
|NYK 40' Standard||1202.3 cm||234.6 cm||228.0 cm||67.0 M3|
|(min dims)||473.3 in||92.4 in||93.4 in||2366 Cu Ft|
|NYK 40' High Cube||1202.3 cm||234.6 cm||261.9 cm||73.9 M3|
|(min dims)||473.3 in||92.4 in||103.1 in||2610 Cu Ft|
|NYK 45' High Cube||1354.9 cm||235.0 cm||269.0 cm||85.7 M3|
|(min dims)||533.0 in||92.4 in||105.9 in||3027 Cu Ft|
|Hanjin Container Dimensions||Length||Width||Height||Volume|
|Hanjin 20' Standard||589.7 cm||234.8 cm||239.0 cm||33.1 M3|
|232.2 in||92.4 in||93.8 in||1169 Cu Ft|
|Hanjin 40' Standard||1203.1 cm||234.8 cm||239.0 cm||67.5 M3|
|473.6 in||92.4 in||93.8 in||2384 Cu Ft|
|Hanjin 40' High Cube||1203.1 cm||234.8 cm||269.5 cm||76.1 M3|
|473.6 in||92.4 in||106.1 in||2687 Cu Ft|
|Hanjin 45' High Cube||1355.5 cm||234.8 cm||269.5 cm||85.8 M3|
|533.7 in||92.4 in||106.1 in||3030 Cu Ft|
|MOL Container Dimensions||Length||Width||Height||Volume|
|MOL 20' Standard||589.9 cm||235.2 cm||238.6 cm||33.1 M3|
|232.2 in||92.6 in||93.9 in||1169 Cu Ft|
|MOL 40' Standard||1203.3 cm||235.2 cm||238.6 cm||67.5 M3|
|473.7 in||92.6 in||93.9 in||2384 Cu Ft|
|MOL 40' High Cube||1203.3 cm||235.2 cm||269.1 cm||76.2 M3|
|473.7 in||92.6 in||106.0 in||2691 Cu Ft|
|MOL 45' High Cube||1357.6 cm||234.5 cm||268.6 cm||85.5 M3|
|534.5 in||92.3 in||105.8 in||3019 Cu Ft|